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references

Here are the references for the Get the Facts section of our web site, and a few extras for good measure. All the information in the following sections was compiled by Marcella Raimondo, MPH, PhD, or by Elisabeth Dittrich, PhD, for her dissertation on Sociocultural Factors that Influence Body Image Satisfaction Among Women. If you see important information missing here, please contact us to let us know!

Listed alphabetically by author’s last name.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O PR S T U V W X Y Z

A

Abrams, K.K., Allen, L., & Gray, J.J. (1993). Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors, psychological adjustment, and ethnic identity: A comparison of Black and White female college students. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 14, 49-57.

Academy of Eating Disorders (AED). (2007). About eating disorders – Prevalence of eating disorders. Retrieved from http://www.aedweb.org//AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home

Agras, W.S., Brandt, H.A., Bulik, C.M., Dolan-Sewell, R., Fairburn, C.G., Halmi, K.A., et al. (2004). Report of the national institutes of health workshop on overcoming barriers to treatment research in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 35, 509-521.

Akan, G.E., & Grilo, C.M. (1995). Sociocultural influences on eating attitudes and behaviors, body image, and psychological functioning: A comparison of African-American, Asian-American, and Caucasian college women. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18 (2), 181-187.

American Association of University Women. (1990). Shortchanging girls, shortchanging America: Full data report. Washington, DC: American Association of University Women.

American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edition, text revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

American Psychological Association. Task force on the sexualization of girls. (2007). Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Retrieved from: www.apa.org/pi/wpo/sexualization.html

Andersen, A. & Holman, J.E. (1997). Males with eating disorders: Challenges for treatment and research. Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 33 (3), 391-397.

Anderson, A.E., & DiDomenico, L. (1992). Diet vs. shape content of popular male and female magazines: A dose-response relationship to the incidence of eating disorders? International Journal of Eating Disorders, 11 (3), 283-287.

Attie, I., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1989). Development of eating problems in adolescent girls: A longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology, 25, 70-79.

Austin, E.W., Roberts, D.F., & Nass, C.I. (1990). Influences of family communication on children’s television-interpretation processes. Communication Research, 17 (4), 545-564.

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B

Baker, D., Sivyer, R., & Towell, T. (1998). Body image dissatisfaction and eating attitudes in visually impaired women. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 24 (3), 319-322.

Bandura, A., & Walters, R.H. (1963). Social learning and personality development. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Bartky, S.L. (1988). Foucault, femininity, and the modernization of patriarchal power. In I. Diamond & L. Quinby (Eds.), Feminism and Foucault: Reflections on Resistance (61-886). Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Basow, S.A., & Braman, A.C. (1998). Women and body hair: Social perceptions and attitudes. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 22, 637-645.

Becker, A.E., & Hamburg, P. (1996). Culture, the media, and eating disorders. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 4.

Beren, S.E., & Chrisler, J.C. (1990). Gender role, need for approval, childishness, and self-esteem: Markers of disordered eating? Research Communications in Psychology, Psychiatry and Behavior, 15, 183-198.

Berg, F.M. (1997). Three major U.S. studies describe trends. Healthy Weight Journal, 11 (4), 67-74.

Bergeron, S.M., & Senn, C.Y. (1998). Body image and sociocultural norms: A comparison of heterosexual and lesbian women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 22, 385-401.

Berry, G.L., & Asamen, J.K. (Eds.). (1993). Children & television: Images in a changing sociocultural world, 179-190. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Berry, J.W., Trimble, J.E., & Olmedo, E.L. (1986). Assessment of acculturation. In W.J. Lenner & J.W. Berry (Eds.), Field methods of cross-cultural research(291-349). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Bessenoff, G. (2006, September). Can the media affect us? Social comparison, self-discrepancy, and the thin ideal. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 30 (3), 239-251.

Birmingham, C.L., Su, J., & Hlynsky, J.A. (2005). The mortality rate from anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 38, 143-146.

The Body Positive. (2009). The Body Positive. Retrieved from http://thebodypositive.org

Bordo, S. (1993). Unbearable Weight. New York: Berkley Publishing Group.

Brody, L. (1995, November). Are we losing our girls? Shape, 94-98.

Brown, L. & Rothblum, E. (Eds.). (1989). Overcoming Fear of Fat. Harrington Park Press.

Button, E.J., & Whitehouse, A. (1981). Subclinical anorexia nervosa. Psychological Medicine, 11, 509-516.

Brownell, K.D. (1991). Dieting and the search for the perfect body: Where physiology and culture collide. Behavior Therapy, 22, 1-12.

Brownell, K.D., Puhl, R.M., Schwart, M.B., & Rudd L. (eds.). (2005). Weight Bias: Nature, Consequences, and Remedies. New York: Guilford.

 

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C

Cachelin, F., & Regan, P. (2006). Prevalence and correlates of chronic dieting in a multiethnic U.S. community sample. Eating and Weight Disorders, 11, 91-99.

Cachelin, F.M., & Striegel-Moore, R. (2006). Help seeking and barriers to treatment in a community sample of Mexican American and European American women with eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 39, 154-161.

Calderon, L.L., Yu, C.K., & Jambazian, P. (2004). Dieting practices in high schools students. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104, 1369-1374.

Cash, T.F., & Henry, P.E. (1995). Women’s body images: The results of a national survey in the U.S.A. Sex Roles, 33 (1/2), 19-28.

Cash, T.F. & Pruzinsky, T. (Eds.). (1990). Body Images: Development, Deviance and Change. New York: Guilford Press.

Cash, T.F., Winstead, B.W., & Janda, L.H. (1986). The great American shape-up: Body image survey report. Psychology Today, 20 (4), 30-37.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2004, May 21). Surveillance summaries: Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 53 (SS02), 1-96.

Chamay-Weber, C., Narring, F., & Michaud, P.A. (2005). Partial eating disorders among adolescents: A review. Journal of Adolescent Health, 37, 417-427.

Cogan, J.C., Bhalla, S.K., Sefa-Dedeh, A., & Rothblum, E.D. (1996). A comparison study of United States and African students on perceptions of obesity and thinness. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 27 (1), 98-113.

Collins, J.K., Beumont, P.J., Touyz, S.W., Krass, J., Thompson, P., & Philips, T. (1987). Variability in body shape perception in anorexic, bulimic, obese and control subjects. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6, 633-638.

Commission on Adolescent Eating Disorders. (2005). Eating disorders. In D.L. Evans et al. (Eds.), Treating and Preventing Adolescent Mental Health Disorders: What We Know and What We Don’t Know (257). New York: Oxford University Press.

Comstock, G. & Strasburger, V. (1990). Deceptive appearances: Television violence and aggressive behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 11, 31-44.

Cooke, K. (1996). Real gorgeous. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Cooper, P.J., Taylor, M.J., Cooper, Z., & Fairburn, C.G. (1987). The development and validation of the body shape questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6, 485-494.

Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Research. (2009, November). Statistics and trends for 2001-2007. Plastic Surgery Research.info. Retrieved from http://www.cosmeticplasticsurgerystatistics.com/statistics.html

Counts, C.R., & Adams, H. (1985). Body image in bulimic, dieting, and normal females. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 7 (3), 289-301.

Crago, M., Shisslak, C.M., & Estes, L.S. (1996). Eating disturbances among American minority groups: A review. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 19 (3), 239-248.

Crouch, A., & Degelman, D. (1998). Influence of female body images in printed advertising on self-ratings of physical attractiveness by adolescent girls.Perceptual & Motor Skills, 87 (2), 585-586.

Cusumano, D., & Thompson, J. K. (1997). Body image and body shape ideals in magazines: Exposure, awareness, and internalization. Sex Roles, 37 (9/10).

 

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D

Davis, C., & Katzman, M. (1999). Perfection as acculturation: Psychological correlates of eating problems in Chinese male and female students living in the United States. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 25 (1), 65-70.

Dietz, T.L. (1998). An examination of violence and gender role portrayals in video games: Implications for gender socialization and aggressive behavior. Sex Roles, 38 (5-6), 425-442.

Dietz, W. (1998). Health consequences of obesity in youth childhood predictors of adult disease. Pediatrics, 101, 518-525.

Dines, G., Jensen, R. & Russo, A. (Eds.). (1998). Pornography: The Production and Consumption of Inequality. New York: Routledge.

Dittrich, E.A. (1997). Sociocultural factors that influence body image satisfaction in women. (Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies.) Dissertation Abstracts International.

Dolan, B., Birtchnell, S., & Lacey, J.H. (1987). Body image distortion in non-eating disordered women and men. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 31 (4), 513-520.

Dolan, B. (1991). Cross-cultural aspects of anorexia nervosa and bulimia: A review. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10 (1), 67-81.

Drinkwater, B.L., Loucks, A., Sherman, R.T., Sundgot-Borgen, J., & Thompson, R.A. (2005). Position stand on the female athlete triad. IOC Medical Commission Working Group of Women in Sport.

Durkin, K., & Nugent, B. (1998). Kindergarten children’s gender-role expectations for television actors. Sex Roles, 38 (5/6), 387-402.

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E

Eisenberg, M.E., Neumark-Sztainer, D., & Story, M. (2003). Associations of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents. Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, 157, 733-738.

Evans, C., & Dolan, B. (1993). Body shape questionnaire: Derivation of shortened “alternate forms”. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 13 (3), 315-321.

 

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F

Fabian, L.J., & Thompson, J.K. (1989). Body image and eating disturbance in young females. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 8 (1), 63-74.

Fairburn, C., & Bohn, K. (2005). Eating disorders NOS (EDNOS): An example of the troublesome ‘Not Otherwise Specified’ (NOS) category in the DSM-IV.Behavior Research and Therapy, 43 (2006), 691-701.

Fairburn, C.G., & Garner, D.M. (1986). The diagnosis of bulimia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 67-79.

Fairburn, C.G., & Garner, D.M. (1988). Diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: The importance of attitudes to weight and shape. In D.M. Garner & P.E. Garfinkel (Eds.), Diagnostic issues in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa (36-55). New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Fernandez, F., Probst, M., Meerman, R., & Vandereycken, W. (1994). Body size estimation and body dissatisfaction on eating disorder patients and normal controls. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 16 (3), 307-310.

Festinger, L. (1954). A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations, 7, 117-140.

Fisher, M., Golden, N.H., & Katzman, D.K. (1995). Eating disorders in adolescents: A background paper. Journal of Adolescent Health, 16, 420-437.

Flegal, K.M., Graubard, B.I., Williamson, D.F., & Gail, M.H. (2005). Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity. Journal of the American Medical Association, 293, 1861-1867.

Forehand, M.R. (2001). What we see makes us who we are: Priming ethnic self-awareness and advertising response. Journal of Marketing Research, 38, 336-348.

Franko, D.L. & Herrera, I. (1997). Body image differences in Guatemalan-American and White college women. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 5 (2), 119-127.

Fraser, L. (1997). Losing it: America’s Obsession With Weight and the Industry That Feeds on it. New York: Penguin Books.

Fredrickson, B.L., & Harrison, K. (2005). Throwing like a girl: Self-objectification predicts adolescent girls’ motor performance. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 29, 79-101.

Fredrickson, B.L., & Roberts, T.A. (1997). Objectification theory: Toward understanding women’s lived experience and mental health risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21 (2), 173-206.

Fredrickson, Roberts, et al. (1998). That swimsuit becomes you: Sex differences in self-objectification, eating and math performance. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 75 (1), (269-284).

French, S., et al. (1997). Ethnic differences in psychosocial and health behavior correlates of dieting, purging, and binge eating in a population-based sample of adolescent females. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 22, 315-322.

Frisch, M.J., Herzog, D.B., & Franko, D.L. (2006, July). Residential treatment for eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 39 (5), 434-442.

Furnham, A., & Greaves, N. (1994). Gender and locus of control correlates of body image dissatisfaction. European Journal of Personality, 8, 183-200.

 

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G

Gaesser, G.A. (2003). Is it necessary to be thin to be healthy? Harvard Health Policy Review, 4, 40-47.

Gapinski, K.D., Brownell, K.D., & LaFrance, M. (2003). Body objectification and “fat talk”: Effects on emotion, motivation, and cognitive performance. Sex Roles, 48, 377-388.

Gard, M.C.E., & Freeman, C.P. (1996). The dismantling of a myth: A review of eating disorders and socioeconomic status. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 20 (1), 1-12.

Garner, D.M. (1997, January/February). The 1997 body image survey results. Psychology Today, 31-44, 75-84.

Garner, D.M., Garfinkel, P.E., Schwartz, D., & Thompson, M. (1980). Cultural expectations of thinness in women. Psychological Reports, 47, 483-491.

Garner, D.M., Olmstead, M.P., & Polivy, J. (1983). Development and validation of a multidimensional eating disorder inventory for anorexia nervosa and bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2 (2), 15-34.

Garner, D.M., Olmstead, M.P., Polivy, J., & Garfinkel P.E. (1984). Comparison between weight- preoccupied women and anorexia-nervosa. Psychosomatic Medicine, 46, (3), 255-266.

Geller, J., Johnston, C., Madsen, K., Goldner, E.M., Remick, R.A., & Birmingham, C.L. (1998). Shape- and weight-based self-esteem and the eating disorders.International Journal of Eating Disorders, 24 (3), 285-298.

Gerbner, G., Gross, L., Morgan, M., & Signorielli, N. (1994). Growing up with television: The cultivation perspective. In J. Bryant & D. Zillmann (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (17-41). Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Gilbert, K. (1998). The body, young children and popular culture. In N. Yelland et al. (Eds.), Gender in early childhood (55-71). New York: Routledge.

Goldman, E.L. (1996). Eating disorders on the rise in preteens, adolescents. Psychiatry News, 24 (2), 10.

Gortmaker, S.L., Must, A., Perrin, J.M., Sobol, A., & Dietz, W.H. (1993). Social and economic consequences of overweight in adolescence and young adulthood. New England Journal of Medicine, 329, 1008-1012.

Grabe, S., Hyde, J.S., & Lindberg, S.M. (2007). Body objectification and depression in adolescents: The role of gender, shame, and rumination. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 31, 164-175.

Gray, J.J., Ford, K., & Kelly, L.M. (1987). The prevalence of bulimia in a Black college population. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6 (6), 733-740.

Greenberg, B.S., Eastin, M., Hofschire, L., Lachlan, K., & Brownell, K.D. (2003). Portrayals of overweight and obese individuals on commercial television.American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1342-1348.

Gregory, D. (1994, August). Heavy judgment. Essence, 57-58, 105, 110-112 .

Grilo, C.M. (2002). Binge eating disorder. In C.G. Fairburn & K.D. Brownell (Eds.), Eating disorder and obesity: A comprehensive handbook (2nd edition). New York: Guilford Press.

Grilo, C.M., & Masheb, R.M. (2000). Onset of dieting versus binge eating in outpatients with binge eating disorder. International Journal of Obesity, 24, 404-409.

Grogan, S., Williams, Z., & Conner, M. (1996). The effects of viewing same-gender photographic models on body-esteem. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 20 (4).

Guillen, E.O., & Barr, S.I. (1994). Nutrition, dieting, and fitness messages in a magazine for adolescent women, 1970-1990. Journal of Adolescent Health, 15 (6), 464-472.

 

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H

Hall, A., & Hay, P.J. (1991). Eating disorder patient referrals from a population region 1977-1986. Psychological Medicine, 21, 697-701.

Hallal, P., Victora, C., Azevedo, M., and Wells, J. (2006). Adolescent physical activity and health: A systematic review. Sports Medicine, 36, 1019-1030.

Hamilton, K., & Waller, G. (1993). Media influences on body size estimation in anorexia and bulimia: An experimental study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 837-840.

Harris, S.M. (1994). Racial differences in predictors of college women’s body image attitudes. Women & Health, 21 (4), 89-103.

Harris Interactive. (2007). Weight and Obesity in America [Data file]. Prepared for National Consumers League. Retrieved from http://obesity.procon.org/sourcefiles/HarrisInterativePoll2007.pdf

Harrison, A.G., & Stonner, D.M. (1976). Reference groups for female attractiveness among Black and White college females. In W. E. Cross (Ed.), Third Conference on Empirical Research in Black Psychology (84-88). Washington, DC: US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

Harrison, K. (1997). Does interpersonal attraction to thin media personalities promote eating disorders? Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 41.

Harrison, K., & Cantor, J. (1997). The relationship between media consumption and eating disorders. Journal of Communication, 47 (1).

Harrison, K.M., and Fredrickson, B.L. (2003). Women’s sports media, self-objectification, and mental health in Black and White adolescent females. Journal of Communication, 53, 216-232.

Hartung, L. (1997). Disordered eating patterns in relation to gender in the college environment. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 97, 9, (Suppl): A-60.

Hawkins, N., Richards, P.S., Granley, H., and Stein, D.M. (2004). The impact of exposure to the thin-ideal media images on women. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 12, 35-50.

He, F., Marrero, N., MacGregor, G. (2006, December). Salt intake is related to soft drink consumption in children and adolescents; A link to obesity? Pediatrics, 118 (6), 1721-1733.

Hearold, S. (1986). A synthesis of 1045 effects of television on social behavior. In Comstock G. (Ed.), Public Communication and Behavior. New York: Academic Press.

Heatherton, T.F., Nichols, P., Mahademi, F., & Keel, P. (1995). Body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms among college students, 1981 to 1992. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152 (11), 1623-1629.

Heatherton, T.F., & Polivy, J. (1992). Chronic dieting and eating disorders: A spiral model. In J. H. Crowther, D.L. Tennenbaum, S.E. Hobfold, & M.A. Parris (Eds.), The Etiology of Bulimia Nervosa: The Individual and Familial Context. Washington, DC: Hemisphere.

Hebl, M.R., King, E.G., & Lin, J. (2004). The swimsuit becomes us all: Ethnicity, gender, and vulnerability to self-objectification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 1322-1331.

Heilman, E. (1998). The struggle for self: Power and identity in adolescent girls. Youth & Society, 30 (2), 182-208.

Heinberg. L.J., & Thompson, J.K. (1992). Social comparison: Gender, target importance ratings, and relation to body image disturbance. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 7 (2), 335-344.

Heinberg, L.J., & Thompson, J.K. (1995). Body image and televises images of thinness and attractiveness: A controlled laboratory study. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, Volume 14(4).

Heinberg, L.J., Thompson, J.K., & Stormer, S. (1995). Development and validation of the sociocultural attitudes towards appearance questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 17 (1), 81-89.

Henderson-King, E., & Henderson-King, D. (1997). Media effects on women’s body esteem: Social and individual difference factors. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27 (5).

Henig, R.M. (1996, May/June). The price of perfection. Civilization, 56-61.

Herzog, D.B. (1984). Are anorexic and bulimic patients depressed? American Journal of Psychiatry, 141, 1594-1597.

Hesse-Biber, S. (1996). Am I thin enough yet? (44-57). New York: Oxford University Press. Motivation for eating behaviour in adolescent girls: the body beautiful. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 65 (4), 376-384.

Hill, A.J., and Pallin, V. (1998). Dieting awareness and low self-worth: Related issues in 8-year-old girls. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 24 (4), 405-413.

Hillege, S., Beale, B., & McMaster, M. (2006, August). Impact of eating disorders on family life: Individual parents’ stories. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 15 (8), 1016-1022.

Hirschmann, J.R., & Munter, C.H. (1997). When Women Stop Hating Their Bodies. Fawcett Books.

Hoberman, H. (1990). Study group report on the impact of television violence on adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 11, 45-49.

Hobbs, R., Broder, S., Pope, H., & Rowe, J. (2006, October). How adolescent girls interpret weight-loss advertising. Health Education Research, 21 (5): 719-730.

Hoek, H.W., & Van Hoeken, D. (2003). Review of the prevalence and incidence of eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 34, 383-396.

Huesmann, L., Rowell, Moise, J.F., & Podolski, C. (1997). The effects of media violence on the development of antisocial behavior. In D.M. Stoff, J. Breiling & J.D. Maser (Eds.), Handbook of Antisocial Behavior (181-193). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

 

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I

Irving, L.M. (1990). Mirror images: Effects of the standard of beauty on the self- and body-esteem of women exhibiting various levels of bulimic symptoms. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 9 (2), 230-242.

Irving, L.M., Riddle, M., Berel, S., Cannon, R., Bower, Z., & Parks, C. (1997). Sociocultural contributors to disordered eating in adult women. Poster presented at the 1997 annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

 

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J

Jacobson, M.F., & Mazur, L.A. (1996). Sexism and sexuality in advertising. In Marketing Madness (75-87). Boulder: Westview Press, Inc.

Jeffery, R.W., & French, S.A. (1996). Socioeconomic status and weight control practices among 20-to 45- year-old women. American Journal of Public Health, 86 (7), 1005-1010.

Johnson, J., Tobiu, D., & Lipkin, J. (1989). Epidemiologic changes in bulimic behavior among female adolescents over a five-year period. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6 647-655.

Joiner, G.W., & Kashubeck, S. (1996). Acculturation, body image, self-esteem, and eating-disorder symptomatology in adolescent Mexican American women.Psychology of Women Quarterly, 20 (3), 419-435.

 

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K

Kalodner, C.R. (1997). Media influences on male and female non-eating disordered college students: A significant issue. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 5 (1).

Keel, P.K., & D.B. Herzog. (2004). Long-term outcome, course of illness, and mortality in anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Clinical Handbook of Eating Disorders: An Integrated Approach, 97-116.

Keys, A., Brozek, J., Henschel, A., Mickelsen, O., & Taylor, H. L. (1950). The Biology of Human Starvation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Kilbourne, J. (1994). Still killing us softly: Advertising and the obsession with thinness. In P. Fallon, M.A. Katzman & S.C. Wooley (Eds.), Feminist Perspectives on Eating Disorders (395-418). New York: The Guilford Press.

Klesges, R.C., & Klesges, L.M. (1988). Cigarette smoking as a dieting strategy in a university population. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 7 (3), 413-419.

Koenig, L., & Wasserman, E.L. (1995). Body image and dieting failure in college men and women: Examining links between depression and eating problems. Sex Roles, 32 (3/4), 225-249.

Kog, E., & Vandereycken, W. (1989). Family interaction in eating disorder patients and normal controls. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 8 (1), 11-23

Kohn, M., & Schooler, C. (1983). Work and Personality: An Inquiry Into the Impact of Social Stratification. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Kraig, K.A., & Keel, P.K. (2001). Weight-based stigmatization in children. International Journal of Obesity, 25, 1661-1666.

Krauth, C., Buser, K., & Vogel, H. (2002). How high are the costs of eating disorders – anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa – for German society? The European Journal of Health Economics, 3 (4), 244-250.

Kuczmarski, R.J., Flegal, K.M., Campbell, S.M., & Johnson, C.L. (1994). Increasing prevalence of overweight among US adults. Journal of the American Medical Association, 272 (3), 205-211.

Kunkel, D. & Roberts, D.F. (1991). Young minds and marketplace values: Issues in child television advertising. Journal of Social Issues, 47 (1), 57-72.

Kunkel, D., Wilson, B., Donnerstein, E., Linz, D., Smith, S., Gray, T., et al. (1995). Measuring television violence: The importance of context. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 39 (2), 284-291.

 

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L

Lamb, S. (2002). The Secret Lives of Girls: What Good Girls Really Do – Sex Play, Aggression, and Their Guilt. New York: Free Press.

Lamb, S. (2006). Sex, Therapy, and Kids: Addressing Their Concerns Through Talk and Play. New York: Norton.

Lamb, S., & Brown, L.M. (2006). Packaging Girlhood: Rescuing our Daughters from Marketers’ Schemes. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Le Grange, D., Stone, A.A., & Brownell, K. (1998). Eating disturbances in white and minority female dieters. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 24 (4), 395-403.

Le Grange, D., Telch, C.F., & Agras, W.S. (1997). Eating and general psychopathology in a sample of Caucasian and ethnic minority subjects. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 21 (3), 285-293.

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